Henry VIII was crowned on 24 June 1509 with. [109] In 1555, Pope Paul IV issued a papal bull recognising Philip and Mary as rightful King and Queen of Ireland. This was the name of a Saxon king of England and two kings of Kent, one of whom was a saint. The direct, eldest male line from Henry II includes monarchs commonly grouped together as the House of Plantagenet, which was the name given to the dynasty after the loss of most of their continental possessions, while cadet branches of this line became known as the House of Lancaster and the House of York during the War of the Roses. The Pope and the Church would not agree to this, and Eustace was not crowned. Monck took control of the country in December 1659, and after almost a year of anarchy, the monarchy was formally restored when Charles II returned from France to accept the throne of England. His son Edward the Elder conquered the eastern Danelaw, but Edward's son Æthelstan became the first king to rule the whole of England when he conquered Northumbria in 927, and he is regarded by some modern historians as the first true king of England. Plantagent, House of Lancaster Henry IV (Henry Bolingbroke) 1399-1413 Usurped throne Henry V ("Prince Hal") 1413-1422 England's golden boy. England used to be known as Engla land, meaning the land of the Angles, people from continental Germany, who began to invade Britain in the late 5th century, along with the Saxons and Jute.. Great Britain. In 1604 James I, who had inherited the English throne the previous year, adopted the title (now usually rendered in English rather than Latin) King of Great Britain. England is a country in Europe.It is a country with over sixty cities in it. However he suffered military defeat at the hands of the English fleet. The defeat of King Harold Godwinson at the Battle of Hastings in 1066 against Duke William II of Normandy, later called William I of England, and the following Norman conquest of England caused important changes in the history of Britain. Kings and Queens of England, Scotland, Wales, Great Britain and the United Kingdom. Henry III was crowned on 28 October 1216. [70] "King Louis I of England" remains one of the least known kings to have ruled over a substantial part of England.[71]. They did not regard England as their primary home until most of their continental domains were lost by King John. The Wars of the Roses (1455–1485) saw the throne pass back and forth between the rival houses of Lancaster and York. Queen Elizabeth II became Queen of the United Kingdom and Head of the Commonwealth on 6th February 1952. After the death of Queen Elizabeth I without issue, in 1603, King James VI of Scotland also became James I of England, joining the crowns of England and Scotland in personal union. Charles I was crowned on 2 February 1626. Following the death of Harold Godwinson at Hastings, the Anglo-Saxon Witenagemot elected as king Edgar Ætheling, the son of Edward the Exile and grandson of Edmund Ironside. Since ancient times, some monarchs have chosen to use a different name from their original name when they accede to the monarchy. Among them were Harold Godwinson (recognised as king by the Witenagemot after the death of Edward the Confessor), Harald Hardrada (King of Norway who claimed to be the rightful heir of Harthacnut) and Duke William II of Normandy (vassal to the King of France, and first cousin once-removed of Edward the Confessor). 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