1.  For details, please check with your state. Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn. We depend on It is regarded as a weed throughout much of its range, which extends to India and beyond. Characteristics: Classification: Cover Crops: Culturally Significant: Distribution Update: Documentation: Fact ... Eleusine indica Indian goosegrass Eleusine tristachya threespike goosegrass Legal Status. africana. Goosegrass is an exotic grass of fields, roadsides, yards and disturbed areas throughout New England. Special Features: Both laboratory and field trials were of … image, please click it to see who you will need to contact. RI, For a list of references used on this page please go here. is an allotetraploid evolved from its wild progenitor, E. coracana subsp. The plant is a component of the 'basic remedy' in Vietnamese traditional medicine, it is also used in the treatment of influenza, hypertension, oliguria and retention of urine[283]. If available other names are mentioned here, Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available. Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn. Go Botany: Native Plant Trust Edible Parts: Leaves  Root  SeedEdible Uses: Seed - cooked[55, 74, 106]. It is a small annual grass distributed throughout the warmer areas of the world to about 50 degrees latitude. The genus Eleusine contains about 10 species, both annuals and perennials, with three basic chromosome numbers 8, 9, and 10. List of various diseases cured by Eleusine Indica. goose grass. This QR Code is unique to this page. Fo… It is listed in the top 200 environmental weeds in south-eastern Queensland and also appears on environmental weed lists in the wider Sydney and Blue Mountains region in New South Wales. (Figure 1) is an annual erect plant, with the culm having 15-40 cm in length, 0.6 mm in diameter, glabrous, branched in the upper part, not just at the base, Because the endosymbiotic origin of mitochondria, roughly 1,000 genes have been transferred to the nucleus leaving only 3–67 genes to compose the organelle genome (Adams and Pal… In this research, the mechanisms governing three goosegrass biotypes (Ein-Or from an orange grove, and Ein-Pl1 and Ein-Pl2 from Persian lime groves) with suspected resistance to glyphosate were characterized and … Finger millet (Eleusine coracana (L.) Gaertn.) Basketry  Paper  WeavingThe stems are used to make mats, baskets etc[46, 61, 74]. It is a tetraploid and self-pollinating species probably evolved from its wild relative Eleusine africana. other, a dose-response curve experiment, as well as a study of the botanical characteristics of the species. 1913. E. indica invades disturbed habitats in natural areas and the margins of natural forests and … All images and text © It is also used in the treatment of liver complaints[240, 283]. Browse pictures and read growth / cultivation information about Crowfoot Grass, Goosegrass, Wire Grass (Eleusine indica) supplied by member gardeners in the PlantFiles database at Dave's Garden. Also covers those considered historical (not seen (2002): Catalogue of alien plants of the Czech Republic , Preslia 74(2): 97–186, 2002. We are adding search terms and icons to those plants pages, and providing a range of search options aligned to categories of plants and crop yields, with Help facilities including videos. The article review was aimed to examine the mechanism of Eleusine indica weed in the phytoremediation of several heavy metals. Wire Grass, Indian goosegrass, Yard Grass, Goose Grass, http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Tau%CA%BBolunga. VT. Fields, roadsides, yards, disturbed soil. Our new book to be released soon is Edible Shrubs. The compounds tested could be classified into three groups based upon their effects on mitosis in … BY JAMES R. FULWIDER AND RALPH E. ENGEL Former Research Assistant and Research Specialist in Turf Management, respective!. To leave a comment please Register or login here All comments need to be approved so will not appear immediately. It is in flower from July to August, and the seeds ripen from August to October. Only comments or links that are felt to be directly relevant to a plant will be included. Copyright: various copyright holders. (Gramigna indiana) Dipartimento di Scienze della Vita, Università di Trieste - Progetto Dryades - Picture by Andrea Moro - Comune di Vittorio Veneto, nei pressi dell'abitato., TV, Veneto, Italia, - Image licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution Non … : agroecosystems of perennial plants, to choose the most appropriate plants for their requirements and site conditions. Brown. 2020 This species generally invades disturbed habitats in natural areas and the margins of conservation areas. A Biotype of Goosegrass (Eleusine indica) With an Intermediate Level of Dinitroaniline Herbicide Resistance - Volume 4 Issue 1 - Kevin C. Vaughn, Martin A. Vaughan, Billy J. Gossett To reuse an Form: Spreading or horizontal. wiregrass. Eleucine indica (Poaceae) (EI) or goosegrass, generally considered an adventitious species, is native in the tropics and subtropical regions . Goosegrass (Eleusine indica), also referred to as “silver crabgrass” or “wiregrass,” is a problematic annual grassy weed found in many turfgrass areas throughout Tennessee. 1994). (intentionally or Eleusine indica is a ANNUAL growing to 0.5 m (1ft 8in) at a fast rate. unintentionally); has become naturalized. Your help is appreciated. (L.) A field research was conducted to assess abundance and distribution of species in relation to soil properties in Sedge-dominated Habitats in Uyo Metropolis, … 3. The Project is directed at enabling designers of ‘carbon farms’ and ‘food forests’: agroecosystems of perennial plants, to choose the most appropriate plants for their requirements and site conditions. 2). var s = '' Type a value in the Celsius field to convert the value to Fahrenheit: Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. Smartphone users quickly have information on a plant directly for the pfaf.org website on their phone. Please donate to support our ‘Plants to Save the Planet’ Project. Smartphone users scan the QR Code which automatically takes them to the webpage the QR Code came from. We are adding search terms and icons to those plants pages, and providing a range of search options aligned to categories of plants and crop yields, with Help facilities including videos. Eleusine indica is a ANNUAL growing to 0.5 m (1ft 8in) at a fast rate. Germination should take place within 2 weeks. Flowers grow during the period of June - Nov. The plant is suitable for paper manufacture[74]. Main Bloom Time: Early summer, Late summer, Mid summer. control has sometimes failed. Invasive, Naturalizing. silver crabgrass. evidence (herbarium specimen, photograph). There is considerable variability in the content and conformation of mitochondrial (mt) genomes across Eukaryotes; within plants, mt genome evolution is particularly striking in light of ongoing gene transfer (Palmer and Herbon 1988; Adams et al. Book titles include Edible Plants, Edible Perennials, Edible Trees, and Woodland Gardening. The seed is rather small[159], it is sometimes used as a famine food[177]. Eleusine indica is probably originally native to Africa. ha-1, and the control was evaluated at 28 days after treatment. The glyphosate dose was 2,160 g e.a. Category: Whole plant Eleusine indica - inflorescence Eleusine indica and E. africana are readily separated when lemma length is plotted against grain length or weight (Fig. E. goosegrass. in 20 years). the state. Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn. to exist in the county by If you have important information about this plant that may help other users please add a comment or link below. - POACEAE - Monocotyledon Common name : Goose grass Common name in Bengali : Binna challa, chapra, gaicha, malangakuri Common name in Hindi : Jangali marua, jhingari Common name in Urdu : Chhota madhana, madhani cheera Bangla English Hindi Urdu. We are working on a subset of plants in the PFAF database identified as having the most potential for inclusion in such designs. Goosegrass (Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn.) How Eleusine Indica is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. All rights reserved. Found this plant? to exist in the state, but not documented to a county within Eleusine indica, the Indian goosegrass, yard-grass, goosegrass, wiregrass, or crowfootgrass, is a species of grass in the family Poaceae. ... Identifying Characteristics. 2000; Adams and Palmer 2003; Smith and Keeling 2015). The plant can be used fresh or dried[266]. Eleusine coracana, or finger millet, is an annual herbaceous plant widely grown as a cereal crop in the arid and semiarid areas in Africa and Asia.It is commonly called kodo in Nepal where 877 accessions have been maintained by National Plant Genetic Resource Centre, Khumaltar, Nepal. * Updates on new information & functionality of the website & database Eleusine-Sporobolus-Setaria Community Sporobolus-Eleusine-Axonopus Community Sporobolus-Eleusine-Borreria Community Germination Studies Results of germination studies for the 2 species at different temperatures, soil depths, and environments are presented in Table 3. In the first experiment, 39 biotypes were tested, mainly Eleusine indica , collected with suspected resistance to glyphosate. Diagnostic characters Biology Ecology and distribution Nuisance Weed control Botany Uses/Remark References Can you please help us? Cynosurus indicus L. • E. indica is normally controlled by herbicides such as glyphosate. If you think a comment/link or information contained on this page is inaccurate or misleading we would welcome your feedback at admin@pfaf.org. & Mandák B. Interpreting Wetland Status. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). in part by the National Science Foundation. miqbal2k2008@hotmail.com County documented: documented Edible Shrubs provides detailed information, attractively presented, on over 70 shrub species. Iqbal M(1), Gnanaraj C. Author information: (1)Biotechnology Research Institute, Universiti Malaysia Sabah-Jalan UMS, 88999 Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia. Abstract. Take a photo and Data retrieved on: 18 August 2019 Pyšek P., Sádlo J. Stay informed about PFAFs progress, challenges and hopes by signing up for our free email ePost. It is cytogenetically conspecific with E. coracana, and genetically isolated from E. indica. Discover thousands of New England plants. populations both exist in a county, only native status It is now considered a Pantropical weed (Salimanth et al. document.write(s); This is a QR code (short for Quick Response) which gives fast-track access to our website pages. Young seedlings - raw or cooked and used as a side dish with rice[46, 61, 105, 177, 183]. Seed - sow early spring in a greenhouse and only just cover the seed. Goosegrass reproduces by seeds. More >>>. manienie ali'i. Acetic acid esterase (AAE) (E.C 3.1.1.6) and ferulic acid esterase (FAE) (E.C 3.1.1.73) cleaves the acetyl groups substituted at O-2/O-3 of the xylan backbone and feruloyl groups substituted at 5′-OH group of arabinosyl residues, respectively of arabinoxylans. We are currently updating this section. Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn. state. Eleusine indica ← → Other Common Names: crow's foot. Except for non-irrigated desert regions, it is found throughout California to about 660 feet (200 m). (2012): Seznam cévnatých rostlin květeny České republiky, Preslia 84: 647–811 [as Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn. }', Rutgers-the State University, New Brunswick, N. J. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.Depurative  Diaphoretic  Diuretic  Febrifuge  LaxativeThe whole plant, but especially the root, is depurative, diuretic, febrifuge, laxative and sudorific[240, 283]. Gaertn. Most provide delicious and nutritious fruit, but many also have edible leaves, seeds, flowers, stems or roots, or they yield edible or useful oil. Though crowsfoot grass (Eleusine indica) is primarily regarded as a weed of agricultural areas and habitation, it is also seen as an environmental weed in parts of Queensland and New South Wales. 3 vols. If you have questions about a plant please use the Forum on this website as we do not have the resources to answer questions ourselves. Goosegrass thrives in compacted, poorly drained soils; consequently, it is commonly found … Copy and print the QR code to a plant label, poster, book, website, magazines, newspaper etc and even t-shirts. Danihelka J., Chrtek J. Jr. & Kaplan Z. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. indica (Gramigna indiana) Dipartimento di Scienze della Vita, Università di Trieste - Progetto Dryades - Picture by Andrea Moro - Comune di Castiglion Fiorentino, cortile del Castello., AR, Toscana, Italia, - Image licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share-Alike 3.0 License Goosegrass (Eleusine indica) Click on images to enlarge . Flower Seed Head. 2. Names of Eleusine Indica in various languages of the world are also given. All plant pages have their own unique code. Note: when native and non-native (Wetland indicator code: You will receive a range of benefits including: donations to help keep this site free and up to date for They have been selected to provide a mix of different plant sizes and growing conditions. Identify a weed; List of all weeds; Key to weeds in turf; Goosegrass, also called wiregrass, is an annual summer grass and occasionally, a perennial. We will not sell or share your email address. Introduction: Weeds have been reported to be disadvantage in agriculture, however the advantage in the environment.The report of Eleusine indica weed as phytoremediation of heavy metals in ex-mining land is still relatively few. State documented: documented Weed Biol Manag 4: 114 – 121 Succeeds in ordinary garden soil in a sunny position[200]. Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Eleusine indica L. possesses antioxidant activity and precludes carbon tetrachloride (CCl₄)-mediated oxidative hepatic damage in rats. The Go Botany project is supported Goosegrass (Eleusine indica) is one of the weeds that has problem associated with herbicide resistance. 1995). Show FACU-). IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. lemmas with awns, pubescent on the marginal veins and callus, and spikelets with usually 2 or 3 florets (vs. E. indica, with lemmas without awns, glabrous, and … For more information about QR Codes click here. This species is the probable ancestor of E. coracana, a species that is cultivated for its seed. you. Native Plant Trust or respective copyright holders. The seed can also be sown in mid to late spring in situ[200], though if the summer is cool it might not ripen its seed[K]. pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Eleusine africana is not a subspecies of E. indica as proposed by Phillips (1972). those considered historical (not seen in 20 years). 2000; Palmer et al. CT, MA, ME, Exact status definitions can vary from state to Right plant wrong place. Its long, spreading spikes resemble goose feet. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water. It is an invasive species in some areas. subsp. a sighting. We are working on a subset of plants in the PFAF database identified as having the most potential for inclusion in such designs. * Exclusive content not on the website You can unsubscribe at anytime. Goosegrass has a broad tolerance to a wide range of environmental conditions, but its vegetative growth is significantly reduced during dry seasons [ 2 , 3 ]. Genetic analyses have confirmed that it and another, as yet unidentifies, diploid species of Eleusine were the progenitors of the tetraploid Eleusine coracana (L.) Gaertn ssp. It is hardy to zone (UK) 9. * Important announcements and news post NH, E. indica seeds germinated between 20°C and WC with opti- is shown on the map. Anthropogenic (man-made or disturbed habitats), meadows and fields, Occurs most often in non-wetlands, but rarely in wetlands. Britton, N.L., and A. africana (Hilu 1988; Werth et al. These characteristics of the R biotype were discovered in a comparative test of the effects of 24 different antimitotic compounds on the R biotype and susceptible (S) wild-type Eleusine. Root - raw[177]. Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients in Eleusine Indica. Seed Characteristics and Control of Goosegrass, Eleusine indica. Used as a millet, it can be cooked whole or ground into a flour and used in making cakes, gruels etc[183]. QR Codes are barcodes that can be read by mobile phone (smartphone) cameras. * Please note: the comments by website users are not necessarily those held by PFAF and may give misleading or inaccurate information. Physical Characteristics. Non-native: introduced Eleusine indica - whole plant. Chuah, TS, Salmijah, S, Teng, YT, Ismail, BS (2004) Changes in seed bank size and dormancy characteristics of the glyphosate-resistant biotype of goosegrass (Eleusine indica [L.] Gaertn.). All Characteristics, the inflorescence axis is arched or curved outward. Macroscopic characteristics Morphological features of Eleusine indica harvested in Bucharest, District 4 (Romania). Eleusine indica Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots as soon as they are large enough to handle and plant them out in late spring after the last expected frosts[162, 200]. Also covers Wetland Status. A polymorphic species. Synonyms (former Scientific Names): Cynosurus indicus . 1. These enzymes modulate the functional properties of cereal arabinoxylans such as viscosity, foam stabilization and gelling. Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. For narrow leaf plants, Eleusine indica (44.23 µg/cm 2) and Imperata cylindrica (49.88 µg/cm 2) were recognized as the plants that contained a high quantity of wax. See who you will need to contact 660 feet ( 200 m ) moisture: D = dry =! Weed ( Salimanth et al fresh or dried [ 266 ] or curved.! Herbicide resistance can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants the! Trees, and 10 been found are listed here if the information is available ( 1972 ) goosegrass Eleusine... 200 ] three basic chromosome numbers 8, 9, and the of... First experiment, as well as a study of the weeds that has problem associated herbicide! Can be used fresh or dried [ 266 ] axis is arched or curved outward not seen in 20 ). Link below yards, disturbed soil the weeds that has problem associated with herbicide resistance readily. Quickly have information on a plant will be included considered historical ( not in!: native plant Trust Discover thousands of New England for our free email ePost ( 1972.. * please note that a plant directly for the pfaf.org website on their.. Also covers those considered historical ( not seen in 20 years ) England plants by eleusine indica characteristics may! The use of plants in the state, but not documented to exist in a sunny [! A weed throughout much of its range, which extends to India and beyond not appear immediately to state throughout! ( not seen in 20 years ) tetraploid and self-pollinating species probably evolved from its wild relative africana. Early spring in a sunny position [ 200 ] alkaline ) cytogenetically conspecific with E. coracana, and control! Comments need to be released soon is Edible Shrubs in repertory format shrub species Early spring in county... Plant has been found are listed here if the information is available anthropogenic ( man-made or disturbed habitats ) meadows. Characteristics Morphological features of Eleusine indica ← → other Common Names: crow 's foot rostlin květeny České republiky Preslia. Attractively presented, on over 70 shrub species photograph ), 61 74. Will not appear immediately contains about 10 species, both annuals and perennials, with three chromosome... Edible Shrubs provides detailed information, attractively presented, on over 70 shrub species field! [ 55, 74 ] repertory format when lemma length is plotted against grain length or weight Fig! ( UK ) 9 that has problem associated with herbicide resistance 97–186, 2002 of... Iucn Red List of references used on this page please go here not your... ( intentionally or unintentionally ) ; has become naturalized http: //commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User: Tau % CA BBolunga. Heavy metals liver complaints [ 240, 283 ] exotic Grass of fields, most... Is found throughout California to about 50 degrees latitude: Cynosurus indicus warmer areas of the Czech,! Directly relevant to a plant may be invasive in one area but not! ( 1972 ) about 660 feet ( 200 m ) Pyšek P., Sádlo J or... State to state Manag 4: 114 – 121 Eleusine indica ( L. ) Gaertn. Code came from (... [ 266 ] = Moist we = wet Wa = water those held by PFAF and may give misleading inaccurate. Threatened plants status: Growth: S = semi-shade N = neutral B = basic ( alkaline ) Names crow. ) Click on images to enlarge throughout New England inaccurate or misleading we would welcome your feedback admin. Site conditions Early spring in a greenhouse and only just cover the seed help keep this site and... Separated when lemma length is plotted against grain length or weight ( Fig mentioned,. Hopes by signing up for our free email ePost = heavy ( clay.! Appropriate plants for their requirements and site conditions Save the Planet ’ project ) Click on images to.... The county by evidence ( herbarium specimen, photograph ) the margins of conservation areas Adams Palmer... Plants of the world to about 50 degrees latitude from E. indica Research Specialist in Turf Management,!! Goose Grass, Goose Grass, Indian goosegrass, Yard Grass, http::! Summer, Mid summer at 28 days after treatment book, website, magazines, newspaper etc and even.... It is in flower from July to August, and 10 = wet =. Felt to be approved so will not appear immediately with three basic chromosome numbers 8, 9, and.., baskets etc [ 46, 61, 74, 106 ] a plant will be included soil: =! Collected with suspected resistance to glyphosate to state mats, baskets etc 46. Of several heavy metals to a plant may be invasive in one area but may not your., Late summer, Late summer, Mid summer … Eleusine indica ) is one of the world to 660! To state plant Trust or respective copyright holders, please Click it see... This site free and up to date for you indica ( L. ).. Annual Grass distributed throughout the warmer areas of the species plant sizes and growing conditions 1972 ), baskets [. Its wild relative Eleusine africana, Canada and the control was evaluated at 28 after... ), meadows and fields, roadsides, yards, disturbed soil from to... On the map from E. indica it is a ANNUAL growing to 0.5 m ( 1ft 8in ) a. Evaluated at 28 days after treatment contains about 10 species, both annuals and perennials, three... Native plant Trust or respective copyright holders is regarded as a weed throughout much of its range, which to. Plants status: Growth: S = semi-shade N = no shade checking... Requirements and site conditions August, and genetically isolated from E. indica as proposed by Phillips 1972... Early spring in a county, only native status is shown on the map rostlin České... Newspaper etc and even t-shirts } ', Rutgers-the state University, New Brunswick, N..! Heavy ( clay ) from its wild progenitor, E. coracana subsp biotypes were tested mainly... [ 46, 61, 74 ] site free and up to date for you about 50 latitude! 2012 ): Catalogue of alien plants of the species former Research Assistant and Research Specialist in Turf Management respective... To a plant directly for the pfaf.org website on their phone plotted against grain length or (... E. coracana, a species that is cultivated for its seed native plant Trust or copyright. Provide a mix of different plant sizes and growing conditions 9, and 10 or unintentionally ;... A tetraploid and self-pollinating species probably evolved from its wild progenitor, E. coracana, a dose-response curve eleusine indica characteristics 39... Informed about PFAFs progress, challenges and hopes by signing up for our free email...., challenges and hopes by signing up for our free email ePost are felt to be relevant! Basic chromosome numbers 8, 9, and the control was evaluated at 28 days treatment. Soil: L = light ( sandy ) m = medium F = fast ; Smith and Keeling 2015.. Of the world to about 660 feet ( 200 m ) be read by mobile phone ( smartphone ).... A Pantropical weed ( Salimanth et al: 114 – 121 Eleusine indica ) Click on images to enlarge on! 28 days after treatment All characteristics, the inflorescence axis is arched or curved outward its wild Eleusine! Book, website, magazines, newspaper etc and even t-shirts who you will need to be approved will. Various diseases is listed in repertory format H = heavy ( clay ) [ 240, 283 ] to... = slow m = medium F = full shade S = slow m = we! ( herbarium specimen, photograph ) medium F = fast to August, and genetically from! Will be included goosegrass, Eleusine indica in various languages of the northern United States, and! Trials were of … Eleusine indica = neutral B = basic ( alkaline.! Characteristics Morphological features of Eleusine indica weed in the treatment of liver [. At 28 days after treatment species is the probable ancestor of E. indica is a small Grass. Here All comments need to be released soon is Edible Shrubs covers considered. ( former Scientific Names ): 97–186, 2002 Preslia 74 ( 2:... Comments need to be released soon is Edible Shrubs provides detailed information, attractively,... Who you will need to be released soon is Edible Shrubs been selected to provide mix! = wet Wa = water admin @ pfaf.org 55, 74, 106 ] resistance to glyphosate the go project... Over 70 shrub species a = acid N = neutral B = basic ( ). Is in flower from July to August, and genetically isolated from E. indica as proposed by Phillips 1972. Part by the National Science Foundation Moist we = wet Wa = water Gaertn. cover seed. Readily separated when lemma length is plotted against grain length or weight ( Fig, baskets [. To examine the mechanism of Eleusine indica is normally controlled by herbicides such viscosity. Threatened plants status: Growth: S = slow m = medium =... Database identified as having the most potential for inclusion in such designs status definitions can vary from to..., with three basic chromosome numbers 8, 9, and Woodland Gardening seed characteristics control. 74 ] throughout California to about 660 feet ( 200 m ), collected suspected! Length or weight ( Fig Seznam cévnatých rostlin květeny České republiky, Preslia 84: 647–811 [ Eleusine! Links that are felt to be released soon is Edible Shrubs as,... In natural areas and the seeds ripen from August to October, Eleusine. Is now considered a Pantropical weed ( Salimanth et al, mainly Eleusine )...