An aristocrat and fighter, he led the rebellion in Cawnpore during the 1857 uprising. Answer: (a) Kanpur Nana Saheb, the adopted son of Peshwa Baji Rao II, pleaded that he be given his father’s pension when the latter died. Azimullah Khan was another loyal servant of Nana Sahib: Lucknow: The revolt was led by Hazarat Mahal the begum of Avadh, Maulvi Ahmedullah of faizabad was also one of the great leaders. India became a raw material producing country and raw material which was purchased from India at very low costs was processed into finished goods in the factories in England and then exported back to India. First of all, the Indian sepoys were peasants in uniform. Nana Saheb/Hazrat Mahal/Rani Lakshmibai led the Revolt in Lucknow. The mutiny at Kanpur was led by Nana Saheb, the adopted son of the last Peshwa, Baji Rao II. Kanpur: Nana Saheb was the leader at Kanpur. The British defeated Nana Saheb in December, 1857. D. State whether the following are true or false: Indian rulers were quite satisfied with Lord Dalhousie’s expansionist policies. This article talks about the contributions of the freedom fighter – Nana Saheb. Answers:Hugh Rose. However, after the death of Baji Rao II, the Company stopped the pension on the grounds that Nana Sahib was not a natural born heir. Short Questions – I. Nana Saheb was a Peshwa of the Maratha Empire and a prominent freedom fighter during the revolt of 1857. The victory was short- lived. She proclaimed her son, Birjis Kadr, as the Nawab of Awadh. 23.Who called 1857 Revolt as the First war of Indian Independence ? In Kanpur the revolt was led by Nana Saheb. NANA SAHIB. Annoyance of Rules of States He captured Kanpur and proclaimed himself the Peshwa. He captured Kanpur and proclaimed himself the Peshwa. 1. Question 2: State any two political causes responsible for the First War of Independence. The Indian Nationalist Movement of Indian Independence can be classified into three phases: Emergence of press, development of rapid means of transport and communication, and the impact of the contemporary European movement accelerated the growth of this national sentimence. It is also known as the Great Revolt of 1857. Nov 12,2020 - Name the able commander- in chief of Nana Saheb who led the revolt in Kanpur.a)Maulvi Ahmadullahb)Tantia Topec)Bahadur Shah Zafard)Mangal PandeyCorrect answer is option 'B'. At the crossing of half century mark of the Indian independence, it would be prudent to deliberate on the contributions made by the Sikhs – a minority community in India – in the freedom struggle of the country. Q10- _____ was the first soldier to be hanged for the 1857 revolt. D) Raja … Indian rulers were quite satisfied with Lord Dalhousie’s expansionist policy. False. Let us go for a brief discussion of the causes of this revolt which almost swept away the British rule. 5. The mutiny was led by Begum Hazrat Mahal. Lucknow – Revolt led by Begum Hazrat Mahal. At Kanpur, the revolt was led by Nana Sahib, the adopted son of exiled Maratha Peshwa Baji Rao II. The Phases of Indian Independence (B). Kanpur was recaptured by the British after fresh reinforcements arrived. A) Mahadij Shinde. Nana Sahib: At Kanpur, the revolt was led by Nana Sahib, the adopted son of exiled Maratha Peshwa Baji Rao II. Jhansi: Rani Laxmi bai assumed the leadership of the Sepoys. The resistance disintegrated primarily due to lack of leadership and unity on the part of Indians, as also to cruel suppression by the British Army. It is now an admitted fact that th mass uprising of the people of Indo-Pakistan against the British rule in 1857 was not a spontaneous reaction of alien rule but the emption of the volcano of discontent which had kept smoldering for about a century. The Moderates were successful in exposing the exploiting character and the evil results of the British policies. 22.Who led the revolt in Lucknow ? B) Rani Chennamma. The mutiny was led by Begum Hazrat Mahal. Answers:Begum Hazrat Mahal& Ahmadullah. Nana Sahib expelled the English from Kanpur with the help of the sepoys and proclaimed himself the Peshwa. Lucknow: Hazarat Mahal, the Begum of Awadh, was the leader. [3] The rebellion posed a considerable threat to British East Indian Company power in that region,[4] and it was contained only with the fall of Gwalior on 20 June 1858. | EduRev UPSC Question is disucussed on … (1) Birjis kadr (ii) Kunwar Singh (iii) Dalip Singh (iv) Hazarat Mahal (C) The British introduced Enfield Rifle in the army in which year? D. State whether the following are true or false: Indian rulers were quite satisfied with Lord Dalhousie’s expansionist policies. Be the first to answer! • British reprisal from Punjab changed the tide of the Revolt. Rani of Jhansi was not permitted to adopt a son. Describe the role of Rani Lakshmi Bai in the revolt of1857. 18.Who was the Governor General of India during the sepoy Mutiny? Through his adoption, Nana Sahib was eligible for an annual pension of £80,000 from the East India Company. He joined the revolt primarily because he was deprived of his pension by the British. 2Repression: During active militancy decades and Khalistan movement in the state, many intellectuals of the country and prominent journalists of various papers/ magazines, had not only raised a finger of doubt at the patriotic zeal of the Sikhs but had defamed them by twisting historical facts to their liking, calling them mercenaries, warmongers and agents of colonial powers. They may be classified as political, administrative, economic, social, religious, military and immediate causes. C) Rani Lakshmibai. The many names are the result of the conflict's continuing importance to India's national sense of identity. One of the driven forces of the rebellion by sepoys, was a prophecy that predicted of East India Company rule exactly one hundred years after this battle.This promoted the rebel soldiers under Nana Saheb to launch a major attack on the entrenchment on 23 June 1857. Maulavi Ahmadullah of Faizabad was another outstanding leader of the Revolt. Lord Dalhousie left no stone unturned for the expansion of the English territory. C) Mangal Pandey. The revolt was led by Nana Sahib. Kunwar Singh died on May 9, 1958; Tantia tope carried on guerrilla warfare until April 1959 after which he was betrayed by a zamindar, captured and put to death. Pin It He led the 1857 revolt from Kanpur. Doctrine of Lapse Afterwards, Tope held a good defensive position until he was driven out by the British force led again by Sir Henry Havelock on 16 August 1857. Check out this biography to know about his childhood, life history, achievements, and timeline. Kanpur: The revolt was headed by Nana Saheb, the adopted son of Baji Rao-II, the last Peshwa. Confiscation of Estates He led the revolt in Kanpur with Tantia Tope, his assistant. But the minds of the civil population of all classes and ranks, Hindus and Muslims, princes and people were agitated and disturbed by feelings of uneasiness and a vague apprehension. D) State whether the following are true or false:- 1. The terms of the Subsidiary treaties signed by Wellesley with different rulers were never honoured unless it suited the British interests. Although the revolt began as a military rising and it appears to be a great sequel in the long series of a number of mutinies, its causes were deeply rooted in the changing conditions of the times. Nana Sahib (19 May 1824 – 1859), born as Dhondu Pant, was an Indian Peshwa of the Maratha empire. Meerut – Revolt by Indian soldiers of British Army. The storm-centers of the Revolt of 1857 were −. Correct: Indian rulers were dissatisfied with Lord Dalhousies expansionist policies. It was a convention of the past rulers that the nobles were granted large estates. 17.Who was the emperor of Britain at the time of 1857 revolt ? Meerut – Revolt by Indian soldiers of British Army. In Kanpur the revolt was led by Nana Saheb, the adopted son of Peshwa Baji Rao II. Multiple Choice Type Questions (a) At Kanpur, the revolt was led by (1) Nana Saheb (ii) Peshwa Baji Rao II (iii) Bakht Khan (iv) Mangal Pandey (b) The chief organiser of the revolt in Bihar was a zamindar. He was ably assisted by Tantia Tope and Azimullah. The main conflict occurred largely in the upper Gangetic plain and central India, with the major hostilities confined to present-day Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, northern Madhya Pradesh, and the Delhi region. With the onset of the the industrial revolution in England, many new industries came up and the dependance on Indian textiles came to an end. Nana Saheb led the struggle for independence at Kanpur. Question 2: State any two political causes responsible for the First War of Independence. Q9- 1857 revolt began from the city of . After rendering services to the Company’s for so many years why the Indian sepoys took such a drastic step against British rule, is a matter of thorough analysis. (a) Kanpur (b) Awadh (c) Jagdishpur (d) Bithur. But this proved to be his last battle. C) Cawnpur. Answer: The British refused to accept Nana Saheb, the adopted son of the last Peshwa Baji Rao II, as the ruler of the Maratha and was refused to get the pension which his father was getting. ), a prominent leader in the Indian Mutiny of 1857–58. Kanpur was recaptured by the British after fresh reinforcements arrived. It began as a mutiny of native soldiers (sepoys) employed by the British East India Company's army, against perceived race based injustices and inequities, on 10 May 1857, in the town of Meerut, and soon erupted into other mutinies and civilian rebellions which were mainly centered on north central India along the several major river valleys draining the south face of the Himalayas [See red annotated locations on Map at right] but with local episodes extending both northwest to Peshawar on the north-west frontier with Afghanistan and southeast beyond Delhi. Please join StudyMode to read the full document. D) Calcutta . NARRATOR: Nana Sahib born on 19 May 1824 and disappeared in 1857, was an Indian, Maratha aristocrat, who led the Kanpur rebellion during the Indian Rebellion of 1857. A. A) Nana Saheb. Tantia Tope was one of the leaders of the massacre of Cawnpore, which occurred on 27 June 1857. The Emperor Bahadur Shah was perhaps the weakest link in the chain of leadership of the Revolt. 3. Other regions of Company-controlled India – such as Bengal, the Bombay Presidency, and the Madras Presidency – remained largely calm. Correct Answer : Begum of Avadh. At the same time, he acknowledged Bahadur Shah as the Emperor of India and declared himself to be his Governor. In Kanpur the revolt was led by Nana Saheb, the adopted son of Peshwa Baji Rao II. 14.Who captured Jhansi ? Bareilly – Revolt by Barkhat Khan. Nana Saheb/Sahib played a pivotal role in the Indian Revolt of 1857. 2. Kunwar Singh, a ruined and discontented zamindar of Jagdishpur near Arrah, was the chief organizer of the Revolt in Bihar. Why ? Battle was mainly led by Tantia Tope. Bahadur Shah Zafar, Mangal Pandey, Rani Laxmibai, Begum Hazrat Mahal, Nana Sahib, Liyakat Ali, Tantya Tope, Kunwar Singh, Bhakt Khan and Khan Bahadur Khan Rohilla were the men behind the 1857 Revolt. Nana Saheb lost his pension. The emperor was arrested and his two sons and grandsons were publicly shot by Lieutenant Hudson himself. (A). Tantia Tope began to act in Nana Saheb's name from Bithur. Kunwar Singh died on May 9, 1958; Tantia tope carried on guerrilla warfare until April 1959 after which he was betrayed by a zamindar, captured and put to death. She fled towards the Nepal frontier. Delhi. Social and Religious Causes As a result their states were annexed when they died. Political Causes Lucknow – Revolt led by Begum Hazrat Mahal. Answer: The British refused to accept Nana Saheb, the adopted son of the last Peshwa Baji Rao II, as the ruler of the Maratha and was refused to get the pension which his father was getting. Candidates can also download the notes PDF from the link given below. The revolt was suppressed with terrible vengeance. Nana Saheb further acknowledged Bahadur Shah as the Emperor of India and declared himself to be his governor. Through some warped historical argument, Arun Shouric tried to prove that, in 1857 when the... StudyMode - Premium and Free Essays, Term Papers & Book Notes, T.L.E: the Significance in the Implementation of K-12. D) Batukeshwar Dutt . ...The First War of Indian Independence or The Great Revolt of 1857: Later British General Campbell reannexed Lucknow with the help of Gorkha regiment on 21 March, 1858. They were the most able leaders of the revolt. The Moderate Phase (1885 – 1905) After which the British refused to consider Nana Saheb as the Peshwa’s successor, which started their struggle with the British. She fled towards the Nepal frontier. It was after this that the Nationalistic Movement in the country gathered momentum. The young Rani joined the rebels when the British refused to acknowledge her right to adopt an heir to the Jhansi gaddi (throne) annexed her state, and threatened to treat her as an instigator of the rebellion of the sepoys at Jhansi. Soon after wards in 1764 the British recorded another important triumph in the Battle of Buxar. However, after the death of Baji Rao II, the Company stopped the pension on the grounds that Nana Sahib was not a natural born heir. Nana Saheb defeated the British army and made them withdraw from Kanpur and proclaimed himself the Peshwa. Peasants benefitted from the land revenue system of the British. Nana Saheb was a Peshwa of the Maratha Empire and a prominent freedom fighter during the revolt of 1857. But in the 18th century the pattern of trade underwent a drastic change. Through his adoption, Nana Sahib was eligible for an annual pension of £80,000 from the East India Company. 4. Nana Sahib, byname of Dhondu Pant, also spelled Nana Saheb, (born c. 1820—died c. At Kanpur, Nana Saheb led the struggle for independence where the British initially surrendered in June 1857 but later defeated Nana Saheb in December 1857. Nana Saheb, the discontented son of Peshwa Baji Rao ll, led to the revolt at Kanpur. Nana Saheb . She was joined Tantia Tope, a close associate of Nana Saheb, after the loss of Kanpur. According to this doctrine the rulers of the states were not allowed to adopt sons. T… Check out this biography to know about his childhood, life history, achievements, and timeline. After the defeat at Lucknow, he led the rebellion in Rohilkhand where he was treacherously killed by the Raja of Puwain who was received Rs 50,000 as a reward by the British. B) Bahadur Shah Zafar. B) Delhi. Question 22. The Moderates were the most active participants of the freedom struggle during this phase and so the name Moderate Phase. Nana Saheb led the revolt at Kanpur during the mutiny of 1857. Answers:Lord Canning. As the adopted son of the exiled Maratha Peshwa Baji Rao II, he was entitled to a pension from the English East India Company. On 28 January 1851, Peshwa died. View Answer; Q5. NARRATOR: Nana Sahib born on 19 May 1824 and disappeared in 1857, was an Indian, Maratha aristocrat, who led the Kanpur rebellion during the Indian Rebellion of 1857. Answers:Nana Saheb. Nana Sahib was the adopted son of Pehswa Baji Rao II and the heir to the dispossessed late Peshwa’s title and estate. Amid the prevailing chaos in Cawnpore, Sahib and his forces entered the British magazine situated in the northern part of the town. The Commander-in-Chief on Nana Saheb’s forces who was later caught and hanged by the British was (a) Tantia Tope (b) Bijlis Khan (c) Azimullah (d) None of the above 6. He was an expert in political propaganda. The real name of Nana Saheb was Dhondu Pant. The city was recaptured by the British in March 1858. These gentlemen tried their utmost to tarnish the image of the Sikhs. At Delhi, the nominal and symbolic; leadership belonged to the Emperor Bahadur Shah, but the real command lay with a Court of Soldiers headed by General Bakht Khan who had led the revolt of the Bareilly troops and brought them to Delhi. Q11- _____ was declared leader of the 1857 revolt. His close associates included Tantya Tope and Azimullah Khan. As the adopted son of the exiled Maratha Peshwa Baji Rao II, he was entitled to a pension from the English East India Company. One of the great leaders of the Revolt of 1857 and perhaps one of the greatest heroines of Indian history, was the young Rani Lakshmibai of Jhansi. 11. They popularized ideas of democracy, civil liberties, secularism, nationalism and trained civilians in the... ... Kanpur revolt is led by nana sahib. Of the 121 patriots who were hanged 93% belonged to Punjab and 90% of these were Sikhs. In 1824, when the sepoys were asked to go to Burma by sea route to fight for the Company, they refused to follow the order. However, after the death of Baji Rao II, the Company stopped the pension on the grounds that Nana Sahib was not a natural born heir. Rani captured Gwalior with the help of Tantia Tope and her trusted Afghan guards. The Moderate Phase When the revolution began in Meerut, Nana Saheb led the forces of revolution, sometimes secretly and manifestly, with great valor and efficiency. He annexed states on the grounds of Doctrine of Lapse and misgovernment. Nana Sahib: At Kanpur, the revolt was led by Nana Sahib, the adopted son of exiled Maratha Peshwa Baji Rao II. But the Indian historians describe it as the First war of Indian Independence. Question 9. Delhi – Revolt by Mughal Emperor Bahadur Shah Zafar. kanpur – Revolt by Nana Saheb Peshwa. False 2. Nana Sahib won the confidence of Charles Hillersdon, the Collector of Cawnpore.It was planned that Nana Sahib would assemble a force of 1,500 soldiers, in case the rebellion spread to Kanpur. Describe immediate causes of the revolt of 1857. Ans. 1. In September 1857, Delhi was recaptured by the English under John Nicholson. False 2. But their policies brought a very sharp reaction from the general masses consisting of the peasants, artisans, traders etc. Short Questions – I. NARRATOR: good morning Mrs. Andrews and my dear friends, today I take the immense pleasure and honor to take you all back to the olden days during the revolt of 1857 and acquaint you with its reasons and people involved in the form of a composition. Marks:1. [3] In Punjab, the Sikh princes backed the Company by providing soldiers and support. The Mutiny was a result of various grievances. Answer: Justify. Answer. This aided them in creating a wide national awakening among the people of the country. She led the 1857 revolt from Jhansi. The British Government reversed this policy and confiscated thousands of such estates. He proclaimed himself Peshwa. C) Begum Hazrat Mahal . At the same time, he acknowledged Bahadur Shah as the Emperor of … At the same time, he acknowledged Bahadur Shah as the Emperor of India and declared himself to be his Governor. Living at Bithur near Kanpur, Nana resented the gradual loss of his status and the consequent humiliation. The English historians have painted this revolt as a mutiny of the sepoys. The annexation of Oudh and deposition of its ruler Wazid Ali Shah, made Oudh the most prominent centre of the revolt. Rebellion at Lucknow From there, Beegam Hazrat Mahal led the 1857 revolt. Through his adoption, Nana Sahib was eligible for an annual pension of £80,000 from the British East India Company. Of those who were hanged, killed or imprisoned for life during the freedom struggle, the Sikhs had 80% share to their credit. The chief burden of fighting on behalf of Nana Sahib fell on the shoulders of Tantia Tope, one of his most loyal servants. 5. Nana Saheb (UPSC Notes):-Download PDF Here. ...The Indian Rebellion of 1857 is also known as India's First War of Independence, the Great Rebellion, the Indian Mutiny, the Revolt of 1857, the Uprising of 1857, the Sepoy Rebellion and the Sepoy Mutiny. Rani Lakshmi Bai provided leadership to the revolt at Jhansi. The Revolt in Lucknow/Meerut/Kanpur was led by Nana Saheb. Nana Saheb assured safe passage of British to Allahabad. • Begum Hazrat Mahal, the wife of the deposed Nawab, Wajid Ali Shah, led the revolt in Lucknow. Baji Rao II was receiving a pension of Rupees 8 Lakh per … Q.5- Which revolt is led by Nana Saheb the adopted son of Peshwa Baji Rao II? See all 3 photos The causes of the War of Independence were political, economic, religious, social and military. The most outstanding leader of the 1857 revolt was Rani Laxmibai who led the revolt at Jhansi since her adopted son was refused to succeed to the throne after her husband had died and had annexed Jhansi by applying the ‘Doctrine of Lapse’. This was, and is, against the religious beliefs of Hindus and Muslims, respectively. regard the rebellion as the first of several movements over ninety years to achieve independence, which was finally achieved in 1947. He led the uprising at Kanpur (Cawnpore). Nana Saheb . Answers:Nana Saheb, Tantia Tope, Azilulla Khan. (a) Titu Mir (b) Birsa Munda (c) Sidhu (d) Noah Mian Answer: (d) Noah Mian. For the sake of convenience they can divided into the following categories.1.Social And Religious Causes2.Political Causes3.Military Causes | | Nana Saheb lost his pension. 1859?, Nepal? The first spark of the Revolt of 1857 was lit by the sepoys of the Company’s disciplined and devoted army. Leaders A. Begum Hazrat Mahal B. Kunwar Singh C. Khan Bahadur Khan D. Maniran Dutta Places 1. Nana Saheb/Hazrat Mahal/Rani Lakshmibai led the revolt in Lucknow. Q.4- Who was the leader of the Revolt of 1857? The real name of Nana Saheb was Dhondu Pant. Answers:Hugh Rose. He had sustained a fatal wound in the fighting. From there, General Bakhtkhan led the 1857 revolt. The revolt was led by Nana Sahib. She crowned her minor son Birjis Qadir as royal heir and took charge of the affair of the state of Oudh. Lord Dalhousie applied Doctrine of Lapse for the expansion of the British Empire. [3] The large princely states of Hyderabad,Mysore, Travancore, and Kashmir, as well as the smaller ones of Rajputana, did not join the... ...India's First War of Independence, termed Sepoy Riots by the British was an attempt to unite India against the invading British and to restore power to the Mogul emperor Bahadur Shah. Suggest other answer Login to Discuss/suggest the answer... 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