Explain the military causes which led to the revolt of 1857. The cartridges had to be bitten off before loading. • Dr S.N. View Test 23 - Notes.pdf from ENGLISH 202 at Alan B. Shepard High School. The British had introduced a new type of rifle whose cartridges, it was rumoured, were greased with the fat of cows and pigs. A major cause of the outbreak of the revolt was the fear among the people that the British government was determined to destroy their religion and convert Indians to Christianity. ABOUT THE AUTHOR Major Agha Humayun Amin (Retd0 was commissioned in March 1983 in 11 Cavalry (FF). The revolt of 1857 witnessed in large parts of North and Central India was an armed rebellion triggered due to number of political and economic policies of British. Its causes lay deeply embedded in the grievances that all sections of Indian society nurtured against the British rule. The Revolt of 1857 exposed the danger involved in allowing a commercial organisation to rule over a country. to load the rifle, soldiers had to bite the catridge and muzzle it and pour it on gun. Immediate causes for the revolt: The greased cartridges supplied for the new Enfield, Rifles was the immediate cause for the mutiny. it had greased catridges which were believed to be made up of cow's pork and fat. The episode of greased cartridges, however, was a big enough issue to start the rebellion on it own. 2.1 Superior British Army; 2.2 Limited Supplies and Lack of Modern Communication; 3 Political Reasons for the Failure of 1857 Revolt. Many revolts took place later such as battles of Plassey and Buxar, which are regarded as the landmark and decisive battles in shaping the modern historical regime. revolt of 1857 in india causes leaders sepoy mutiny indian rebellion. The causes for the revolt of 1857 can categorized under:- Economic Causes Political Causes Social Religion Military Immediate causes. The instantaneous element used to be the introduction of the ‘Enfield’ rifle. The immediate cause of the revolt of 1857 is the introduction of the new enfield P-53 rifle. The feelings of the unrest that was growing among the Indians finally got manifested in the form of revolt of 1857. This Revolt was initiated by the sepoys of the company, so it has been commonly termed as ‘Sepoy Mutiny’. Finally, on 29 March 1857, Mangal Pandey, a sepoy at the Barrackpore cantonment, refused to use the cartridges. Indian sepoys believed that the cartridge used to be greased with either pig fats or made from cow fat. What were the main causes of Revolt of 1857? • V.D. The Revolt of 1857, also regarded as India's First War of Independence is an extremely important event of Indian history. The revolt of 1857 1. The great uprising cause of 1857 was that some Indian people who were part of the british army denied to open the kartus which was made of leather of cow. Table of Contents. THE REVOLT SPREADS. Explain the military causes which led to the revolt of 1857. Causes of Revolt of 1857 Published: November 1, 2016 The various causes of the Mutiny of 1857 can be classified into several heads such as political, administrative, economic, Socio-religious, military and immediate causes. 1.1 Lack of Planning and Co-ordination; 1.2 Weak Leadership of the 1857 Mutiny; 2 Military Causes of Failure of 1857 Revolt. Causes of 1857 revolt - 1 - When People Rebel; Video | 22:15 min. Reports about mixing of bone dust in atta (flour) and introduction of Enfield rifle influece the sentiment of sepoyes. Revolt of 1857: Causes, Leaders Nature of the revolt • Revolt of 1857 began as a revolt of the sepoys but eventually secured the participation of the masses. Chapter Notes - When People Rebel; Doc | 3 Pages The main causes of the revolt were the so-called unjust exploitative and oppressive policies of the British government at that time.  Describe immediate causes of the revolt of 1857.Although the revolt began as a military rising and it appears to be a great sequel in the long series of a number of mutinies, its causes were deeply rooted in the changing conditions of the times. Video | 03:46 min. 1 Administrative Reasons for Failure of 1857 Revolt. Thus British government passed Government of India Act 1858 on August 2, 1858, according to which the power that the company enjoyed was snatched and a direct rule was established. Sepoy Mutiny -- Revolt of 1857 - When People Rebel; Video | 02:18 min. It was this rumour which was the immediate and direct cause of the mutinies in the Bengal Army from March 1857 93. 3. Sen describes it as "having begun as a fight for religion but ended as a war of independence." Historians have expressed divergent views about the nature of the revolt. Perhaps the most important cause of the people’s discontent was the economic exploitation of the country by the British and the complete destruction of its traditional economic fabric. The complete elimination of Indians from the higher services had the most adverse effect. Beginning & Spread of the Revolt Immediate Cause. The Revolt of 1857, the Indian Rebellion of 1857, the Uprising of 1857, the Great Rebellion, the Indian Mutiny, the Sepoy Mutiny, are the different names for India’s First War of … What was the Immediate Cause Revolt of 1857? 094: British Occupation of India - Part 9: The Causes and Impact of the Revolt of 1857 In this episode, we talk about The Causes and Impact of the Revolt of 1857 The Revolt of 1857 is also known by other names such as The Sepoy Mutiny, The Indian Mutiny, The Great Rebellion, The Indian Insurrection, India’s First War of Independence. It drew its strength from several elements of discontent against British rule. Savarkar called 1857 revolt as the First War of Indian Independence. The discontent among Indians was growing and the introduction of the greased cartridges was the last straw. Many causes led to the outbreak of Revolt of 1857. 2. The Company had upgraded to the new Pattern 1853 Enfield rifle, which used greased paper cartridges. There were political, economic, social, religious and military causes of the revolt. Leaders of 1857 Revolt; Video | 05:42 min. The Revolt of 1857: The first expression of organised resistance was the Revolt of 1857. Then all soldiers marched to Delhi and declared the powerless Mughal Emperor Bahadur Shah Zafar as the Emperor of India and the official leader off the revolt. The immediate cause of 1857 was provided by the revolt of soldiers. Question 3: The Revolt of 1857 can be attributed to many causes. The Indian public which does not like sudden changes was applied with the new … what were the immediate causes of the revolt of 1857 Share with your friends. As a result, he was hanged to death. Due to this some Indian men were strangled by British personal. this made the soldiers angry and they rebelled against the carelessness of the British. The news spread like wildfire and on 9 May, 85 soldiers at Meerut too refused to use the new equipment. The rumours that the greased cartridges contained pig and cow fat started circulating in the sepoys from January, 1857. Political Causes Dalhousie’s policy of annexation threatened many princely states and they were the first ones to … It shook the very foundations of the British rule in India. As a result, he was hanged to death. It has been described as the “Mutiny of the Sepoys” a “religious war against the Christians”, a “war between the black and white races”, etc., but mostly these views have been rejected. But it was not simply a revolt of sepoys. The Revolt of 1857 is of steppingstone and is regarded as the primary outburst of resentment of simmering anger due to the prevailing discontent against the Britishers. Revolt of 1857 is the first Indian revolt for independence against the British government, ruling India at that time under Imperialism as a colonial master. Causes of the Revolt: The revolt of 1857 was called by many names Indian mutiny, Sepoy mutiny, the first war of independence. The first Indian martyr of the revolt of 1857 at Barrackpore, Bengal was Mangal Pandey. The cartridge had to be bitten off earlier than loading it into the gun. It was a fight against the British regime but failed. ... the immediate cause was the greased cartridge incident. CONTENTS PRE-1857 REVOLTS Civil Uprisings Tribal Uprisings Revolt of 1857 Immediate causes It began as a revolt of the sepoys of the Company’s army but eventually secured the participation of the masses. a riffle was introduced named The Enfield Pritchett Riffle . Immediate Cause of the Revolt of 1857. the introduction of enfield rifles in the army was the immediate cause because To load the rifle, sepoys had to bite the cartridge open to release the powder.The grease used on these cartridges was rumoured to be made of beef and pork which angered the hindu and the muslims in the army.Mangal pandey revolted by firing at the british officer and started the revolt. Answer: Military Causes: The Indian sepoys in the British army moved a strong sense of resentment at the low scale of salary and poor prospects of promotion. The major causes of 1857 Revolt can be studied under the following heads − Economic Cause. Prayer For Immediate Financial Help. The immediate cause of the Revolt of 1857 was the incident of the greased cartridge.The British East India Company had recently introduced the Enfield rifle; the cartridge of the new rifle had to be bitten off before loading and the grease was reportedly made of beef and pig fat. The immediate cause of the Indian Revolt of 1857, or Sepoy Mutiny, was a seemingly minor change in the weapons used by the British East India Company's troops. The Revolt of 1857 Immediate reason for the Revolt. it was designed by a person named Pritchett and manufactured in a town named Enfield ( in London). CAUSES OF REVOLT. The East India Company made many changes in the administrative policy towards India from 1757 to 1857. The main point with regard to the 1857 challenge, however, was that both the military and civilian revolts merged and this made it really formidable. Historians have identified diverse political, economic, military, religious and social causes of the Indian Rebellion of 1857.. An uprising in several sepoy companies of the Bengal army was sparked by the issue of new gunpowder cartridges for the Enfield rifle in February 1857. The immediate cause The atmosphere was so surcharged that even a small issue could lead to revolt. The immediate consequences of the new system of administration were negative for Indians. the revolt of 1857 was started by Indian soldiers at Meerut on 10 may,1857.the causes of the revolt were a) All sections of India were unhappy with the British rule. Greased cartridges: By the end of 1857, ground for an uprising against the British was fully prepared.the immediate issue which incited the revolt was the incident of greased cartridges.in January 1857, a rumor spread like wildfire in the Bengal regiment that the cartridges were greased with the fat of cow and the pig with the deliberate aim of defining the Hindus and the Muslims alike. Large part of North and Central India and Bihar joined the revolt. 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