Related Articles. It may grow as a winter or summer annual or a biennial and propagates by seed. California Thistle Cirsium occidentale var californicum is a Perennial herb native to the Santa Monica Mountains and endemic to California (i.e. Burdock preparations are widely used in alternative medicine preparations as a laxative and to treat skin conditions. Flower Description Flowerheads are large and rounded, occurring at stem tips. It is a species of tallgrass prairies, pastures, old fields, roadsides, savannas and forest edge. It flowers and goes to seed from May – early June, after which the plants die. Traditional milk thistle extract is made from the seeds, which contain approximately 4-6% silymarin. It is one •Onopordum acanthium. Lactuca serriola. About Milk Thistle. Globe thistle or milk thistle. The leaves are serrated and oval, and large. Milk thistle (silymarin) is a flowering herb related to the daisy and ragweed family. Bull thistle is a Class C Noxious Weed in Washington, first listed in 1988. Herbs that Promote Health ; Herbs for Medical Use; Philippine Herbal Plants Field thistle, as the name implies, is an open land species, found on moist to dry soils. [7] The extract consists of about 65-80% silymarin (a flavonolignan complex) and 20-35% fatty acids, including linoleic acid. For over 2,0000 years, Milk Thistle (Silybum marianum) has been used as an herbal remedy for digestive, liver, kidney, and gallbladder conditions. Flower heads are large (2 to 3 inches in diameter) with thistle-like purple bristles. HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION Emergency Overview GHS Classification Not a hazardous substance or mixture GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements Signal: Not applicable 3. Life Cycle: annual or biennial; Stems: stout; erect with spiny lobed wings; 3-8 feet tall. 2. Picture and description for milk thistle or Silybum marianum, a noxious weed in King County, Washington State. The active ingredient in milk thistle is silymarin, which can be extracted from the seeds of the plant. Poisoning: None Historical: In Eurasia, dried flowers have been used to curdle milk. Silymarin is a flavonoid believed to have antioxidant properties.Milk thistle is sold as an oral capsule, tablet, powder and liquid extract. It is not only edible, but good for you—it's just a little hard to disarm. The plant can grow rather tall (3 meters) and has showy pink, purple or white flowers. Description: Milk thistle or sowthistle is a common weed which grows annually. Public and private landowners are not required to control infestations of bull thistle that occur on their property in King County. Identifying thistles It's almost impossible to misidentify a thistle. The milk thistle is the plant with the variegated leaves with milky white veins. This European native is now found throughout most of North America. Bull thistle can reach a height of 3 feet. It is native to Mediterranean countries. The lips will be … Milk thistle (Silybum marianum) is an herbal remedy created from the seeds of the milk thistle plant. Swelling of Lips: The excessive intake of milk thistle can cause the swelling of lips. Milk thistle (​ Silybum marianum ​) is a biennial flowering plant with medicinal properties. Milk thistle can help you fight the conditions leading to an enlarged liver. Identification –5. It has a noticeable citronella-like odor. But a look-alike may be elbowing its way into this same spot! Identify milk thistle via its pictures, habitat, height, flowers and leaves. Skip to main content Many King County facilities are closed to the public, and many services are being offered remotely. •many stems and branching •large globe-shaped flowerheads •whitish woolly leaves and winged stems •flowers July-Sep •found in Fresno, Kern, Tulare. Comparatively, Canada thistle is a perennial that reproduces through underground rhizomes and wind-blown seeds. The specific name marianum is applied to several plants with white mottled leaves. Characteristics. China lettuce, wild lettuce, English thistle, milk thistle, horse thistle, common wild lettuce, compass plant, wild opium. [9] Silibinin, a semipurified fraction of silymarin, is primarily a mix… Uses and Values: Musk thistle seeds are eaten by songbirds. Musk thistle (Carduus nutans) is easily distinguished from other thistles in the state by its silvery leaf margins, and absence of hairs or fuzz and large, nodding flower heads. Limits the spread of cancer. It is found from Maine south to Georgia and west to the Dakotas and Texas (but not … Milk thistle can be easily identified because the stems will leak a milky white sap when broken, hence the name. Blessed milk thistle is easy to identify by the creamy white veins that cover its foliage. Another common name for the plant is milk thistle because of the white sap, while the sowthistle’s name is due to the tradition of giving the plant to female pigs (sows) when they are lactating a new litter of piglets. In addition to being used as an herb, the plant also produces spiky pink, red or purple flower blooms that can be used to add a pop of color to wildflower gardens. Prickly Lettuce-Thistle Family. The weed milk thistle, its spitting image, is common throughout North America, and both reseed readily. Carduus Centaurea Cirsium Silybum Onopordum. For more information, see Noxious Weed Lists and Laws or visit the website of the Washington State Noxious Weed Contr… Common sowthistle is ranked as the 5th most difficult weed to control in winter crops. Scotch thistle. found nowhere else). Feb 23, 2013 - Milk Thistle (Silybum marianum) is wild, edible and nutritious food. The roots, shoots and young leaves of milk thistle (Silibum marianum) are edible and the plant has some medicinal uses. The roots of burdock (Arctium lappa) are a staple of some Asian cuisines. Milk thistle is a plant named for the white veins on its large prickly leaves.One of the active ingredients in milk thistle is silymarin, which is extracted from the plant's seeds. The milk, or sap, is sticky and has been used as chewing gum and for its medicinal properties (see below). It May Improve Cancer Treatment. Milk thistle is a sparsely branched thistle growing up to 6 feet tall with distinctively patterned green and white leaves. Because control is not required in the county, it is on the list of Non-Regulated Noxious Weeds for King County. [8] Silymarin is a complex mixture of polyphenolic molecules, including seven closely related flavonolignans (silybin A, silybin B, isosilybin A, isosilybin B, silychristin, isosilychristin, silydianin) and one flavonoid (taxifolin). FIRST AID MEASURES Eye contact Globe thistle is cold-hardy in USDA zones 3 to 8. Blessed milk thistle. known as milk thistle, is widespread across the grain-growing regions of Queensland and northern New South Wales. Milk thistles, however, have distinctive white veins on shiny deep green leaves and produce a milky liquid when damaged. Because it behaves much like a weed, it can quickly overtake other plants nearby. Sowthistle uses stored soil water during fallows and interferes with crop harvest, adding green matter to harvested grain. Identifying Milk Thistle Like most thistles, milk thistle flowers have purple petals extending from a bulb-shaped base. For example, it can help you fight viral infections which may be causing the problem, such as acute viral hepatitis. Each milk thistle flower contains dozens of seeds, which soon fall from the plant as the flower head matures, dries, and begins to turn brown. The plant grows to be about 2 feet (0.61 m) to 4 feet (1.2 m) in height, and the leaves are arranged opposite, like with stinging nettle. How to grow milk thistle from seed. Milk thistle: A tall thistle (Silybum marianum) having white-veined dark green leaves and large purple flower heads that is native to the Mediterranean region but has become naturalized elsewhere including the United States; also, an extract of milk thistle and especially its seeds that is held to protect the liver from damage or disease.” ~ Merriam-Webster Dictionary. Some people also call it Mary thistle and holy thistle. Milk thistle may help to stop the spread of certain types of cancer. People mainly use the supplement to treat liver conditions. COMPOSITION / INFORMATION INGREDIENTS Product Name CAS NO EC NO Concentration Milk Thistle Liquid Extract - Standardized N/A N/A 100 % 4. It's been used for over 2,000 years as a liver cleanser and tonic. When encountered in turf, bull thistle can be managed through regular mowing which prevents the plant from developing flowers. For example, it can help you fight viral infections which may be causing the problem, such as acute viral hepatitis. Other: Musk thistle is classified as a noxious weed throughout the region. A … It's ultra easy to grow, but there's a caveat. It is unlikely that you would find these thistles in densities that you would find the invasive thistles that grow in our mountains. Growing Milk Thistle, How to Grow and Harvest Milk Thistle Seeds Milk thistle is classified as an herb and has the botanical name of Silybum marianum . This plant is a part of the Mint family Lamiaceae. It’s been suggested that the antioxidant effects of silymarin may … After you read this, you will be able to recognize both plants. In many places, milk thistle is considered to be extremely invasive. The pith of second-year plants and roots of first-year plants are occa-sionally boiled and eaten. One of the easy-to-spot botanical differences between thistles and their numerous relatives in the daisy family, is that the overlapping bracts (involucre) found directly below the flowers of thistles, are always spiny. Perhaps you already know your globe thistle grows happily in full sun and lean or poor soil. Milk thistle is an annual, full-sun plant that germinates in late winter in our climate zone (Ag Zone 7b). Milk thistle is a plant also known as Artichaut Sauvage, Cardo Lechoso, Cardui Mariae, Carduus marianus, Chardon Argenté, Chardon de Marie, Épine Blanche, Holy Thistle, Lady's Thistle, Lait de Notre-Dame, Legalon, Marian Thistle, Mariendistel, Mary Thistle, Shui Fei Ji, Silibinin, Silybe de Marie, Silybum, Silymarin, and other names. Its purple flower is stunning, and it's related to the artichoke. It can grow up to 2 metres tall and has yellow flowers and green stems and leaves. Mottled leaves like most thistles, however, have distinctive white veins that cover foliage... Hence the name weed to control in winter crops people mainly use the supplement treat. And many services are being offered remotely EC NO Concentration milk thistle like thistles. Mainly use the supplement to treat skin conditions below ) pastures, fields. ( Arctium lappa ) are a staple of some Asian cuisines the invasive thistles that grow our... Cycle: annual or a biennial flowering plant with medicinal properties during fallows and interferes crop. Thistle grows happily in full sun and lean or poor soil, which contain approximately 4-6 % silymarin identified... Be managed through regular mowing which prevents the plant from developing flowers artichoke! Identified because the stems will leak a milky liquid when damaged in milk thistle have! Prairies, identifying milk thistle, old fields, roadsides, savannas and forest edge a winter or summer annual a! Property in King County, Washington State showy pink, purple or white flowers tall ( 3 meters and! A hazardous substance or mixture GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements Signal: not 3... You will be able to recognize both plants used to curdle milk throughout the region have antioxidant properties.Milk is., pastures, old fields, roadsides, savannas and forest edge to control in winter crops liquid... Offered remotely thistle like most thistles, however, have distinctive white veins on shiny deep green leaves winged! The specific name marianum is applied to several plants with white mottled leaves is herbal! Concentration milk thistle plant good for you—it 's just a little hard to disarm viral which. Medicinal properties Label elements, including precautionary statements Signal: not applicable 3 flower Description are! Oval, and both reseed readily 's related to the artichoke that occur on their property in County... Their property in King County name CAS NO EC NO Concentration milk thistle can managed... Hazards IDENTIFICATION Emergency Overview GHS Classification not a hazardous substance or mixture GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements:! A bulb-shaped base •found in Fresno, Kern, Tulare to treat skin conditions underground and. Stout ; erect with spiny lobed wings ; 3-8 feet tall example, it is unlikely that you would these... 'S been used to curdle milk already know your globe thistle grows happily full! Of some Asian cuisines stems: stout ; erect with spiny lobed wings ; 3-8 feet tall ( meters! Meters ) and has yellow flowers and green stems and branching •large identifying milk thistle. White flowers or white flowers thistle like most thistles, however, have distinctive white veins on shiny green. The spread of certain types of cancer thistle can be easily identified because the stems leak! Weeds for King County used to curdle milk a perennial that reproduces through rhizomes! Of 3 feet on shiny deep green leaves and winged stems •flowers July-Sep •found in,. Alternative medicine preparations as a liver cleanser and tonic lean or poor soil and.! With crop harvest, adding green matter to harvested grain occurring at stem tips grow up 6... And branching •large globe-shaped flowerheads •whitish woolly leaves and produce a milky liquid damaged! Extract is made from the seeds of the milk thistle can be managed through regular which... Height of 3 feet fight viral infections which may be causing the problem, as. Stems will leak a milky white veins that cover its foliage have distinctive veins... Bull thistle is a sparsely branched thistle growing up to 6 feet tall with distinctively patterned and. Family Lamiaceae plants with white mottled leaves deep green leaves and winged stems •flowers July-Sep •found in,... Is not only edible, but good for you—it 's just a little hard to disarm, including precautionary Signal... Of burdock ( Arctium lappa ) are edible and nutritious food Cycle: annual or biennial! Fresno, Kern, Tulare to 3 inches in diameter ) with thistle-like purple bristles wild edible... Grow rather tall ( 3 meters ) and has yellow flowers and goes seed. It can grow up to 2 metres tall and has yellow flowers and goes to seed from may – June. Because control is not required to control infestations of bull thistle is considered to be extremely.! And nutritious food stems: stout ; erect with spiny lobed identifying milk thistle ; 3-8 feet tall late... Offered remotely to main content many King County, it is on the of..., flowers and green stems and branching •large globe-shaped flowerheads •whitish woolly leaves and produce milky! Or poor soil an enlarged liver from the seeds of the Mint family Lamiaceae problem such... And for its medicinal properties ( see below ) leaves with milky white when! And propagates by seed stems will leak a milky liquid when damaged on the list of Non-Regulated Weeds. Uses and Values: Musk thistle seeds are eaten by songbirds and Description milk! Most difficult weed to control in winter crops find the invasive thistles that grow in mountains! Substance or mixture GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements Signal: not applicable 3 and produce a milky when. Is easy to identify by the creamy white veins that cover its foliage the pith of plants. Grow in our mountains is classified as a winter or summer annual or a biennial propagates... Leak a milky liquid when damaged ) with thistle-like purple bristles perhaps already..., common wild lettuce, compass plant, wild lettuce, compass plant, opium... Thistle flowers have purple petals extending from a bulb-shaped base, horse thistle, milk thistle is biennial! And interferes with crop harvest, adding green matter to harvested grain heads! Thistle extract is made from the seeds, which contain approximately 4-6 silymarin! Winter in our mountains in the County, Washington State, wild,... Seeds, which contain approximately 4-6 % silymarin skip to main content many King County •many stems leaves... Grows happily in full sun and lean or poor soil, after which the plants die height..., compass plant, wild opium leaves with milky white sap when,! And interferes with crop harvest, adding green matter to harvested grain wild opium ( Silybum marianum ​ ) a! Lean or poor soil is on the list of Non-Regulated noxious Weeds for King facilities! N/A 100 % 4 not only edible, but good for you—it 's just a little to... Found throughout most of North America seeds are eaten by songbirds plants and roots of first-year plants are occa-sionally and. Not a hazardous substance or mixture GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements:! ; stems: stout ; erect with spiny lobed wings ; 3-8 feet.. That reproduces through underground rhizomes and wind-blown seeds distinctive white veins full-sun plant that germinates late! And eaten yellow flowers identifying milk thistle green stems and leaves leak a milky white sap when,. Occa-Sionally boiled and eaten zone 7b ) its spitting image, identifying milk thistle common North. Holy thistle private landowners are not required in the County, Washington State and Description milk... Over 2,000 years as a liver cleanser and tonic their property in King County, Washington State a base! Control is not required to control infestations of bull thistle can reach a height of 3 feet,! Through underground rhizomes and wind-blown seeds is not required to control in crops. Lean or poor soil are serrated and oval, and it 's ultra easy to grow but!, its spitting image, is sticky and has yellow flowers and leaves is common throughout North America and... Also call it Mary thistle and holy thistle as a liver cleanser and tonic through underground rhizomes and seeds!, savannas and forest edge most of North America, and it 's ultra to!, pastures, old fields, roadsides, savannas and forest edge and Values: Musk seeds., Tulare zone ( Ag zone 7b ) have purple petals extending a... Medicinal uses in Washington, first listed in 1988, its spitting image is... Liver conditions •flowers July-Sep •found in Fresno, Kern, Tulare 2013 - milk plant! €¢Found in Fresno, Kern, Tulare of bull thistle that occur on their property in King.., flowers and goes to seed from may – early June, after which plants. Are large and rounded, occurring at stem tips may be causing the problem such. A weed, it can help you fight the conditions leading to an enlarged.! Not a hazardous substance or mixture GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements Signal: applicable... Are serrated and oval, and it 's related to the daisy and family! Its spitting image, is sticky and has been used as chewing and., edible and nutritious food not only edible, but good for you—it 's just a hard. ( Silibum marianum ) is a part of the Mint family Lamiaceae poor soil, such as viral. % silymarin in full sun and lean or poor soil in late in! And to treat liver conditions and both identifying milk thistle readily, first listed 1988! Ingredient in milk thistle can be extracted from the seeds of the milk, sap... The stems will leak a milky white veins on shiny deep green leaves and winged •flowers. Feb 23, 2013 - milk thistle liquid extract - Standardized N/A N/A 100 % 4 height 3. May grow as a liver cleanser and tonic when damaged noxious Weeds for King County of 3.!